A stray dog cooling in hot New Delhi summer (Photo: Upendra Mishra)

NEW DELHI– Humane Society International/India has welcomed the Supreme Court of India’s order to implement the Animal Birth Control (ABC) program to control the street dog population in all states of India. The Court has directed all state governments to implement the ABC rules that require stray dogs to be spayed or neutered.

A stray dog cooling in hot New Delhi summer (Photo: Upendra Mishra)
A stray dog cooling in hot New Delhi summer (Photo: Upendra Mishra)

N. G Jayasimha, Managing Director of Humane Society International (HSI)/India said, “We are pleased that the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has reiterated that an ABC program is the only effective way to curb stray dog population. HSI/India urges all states to ensure that the Animal Birth Control Rules, 2001 rules are implemented in letter and spirit.”

Apart from working on a full fledged Dog Population Management program in Jamshedpur and Haryana, HSI/India offers training program for vets, paravets and dog catchers that primarily focuses on welfare of animals, humane handling and sterility in procedures. HSI/India also engages with the local community to promote sensitivity and compassion towards street dogs.

Facts:
• Under the Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001, street dogs are to be sterilized, vaccinated and subsequently released into the same area, from where they were captured. These Rules also requires sick dogs to be treated prior to their sterilization and vaccination. Incurably ill or mortally wounded dogs can be put to death, and only in a humane manner.

• Mass vaccinations, an essential part of the programme, have shown to substantially reduce the spread of rabies in dogs, and thus to humans. The World Health Organisation has recognized the use of vaccinations as the most effective way to control rabies.

• The Constitution of India gives precedence to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 and the Animal Birth Control Rules, 2001 over state and local laws.